This resource is intended to help local areas ensure full and effective provision of appropriate adults for people detained or questioned in relation to criminal or terrorism-related offences and who:
- appear to be under the age of 18; or
- may be a vulnerable person as defined by PACE Code C.
It is aimed at individuals and teams who have responsibility for researching and developing plans for an appropriate adult scheme for their local area. It provides information wihch will support decisions as to whether the scheme will be:
- an in-house scheme (e.g. managed directly by a youth offending team or social services); or
- a commissioned (contracted out) scheme; or
- a hybrid of the above.
Where the resource refers to:
- 'Developers' it means people who are developing an in-house scheme which they intend to coordinate themselves
- 'Commissioners' it means people who intend to ask another organsation to coordinate the scheme.
This resource both provides detailed information and prompts key questions which will need to be answered locally. This will assist scheme developers and commissioners in developing an understanding of:
- Vulnerability in the context of criminal investigations
- The role of the appropriate adult including its purpose and boundaries
- The importance of independence
- Potential local stakeholders and partners
- Local demand and existing provision
- Potential models of provision
- Defining an effective specification
- Financial considerations
- Identifying and managing risks
- Monitoring and evaluation
- The market for AA provision
In addition links to additional resources are provided, along with a number of templates.
There are wide range of resources that can be drawn upon in order to inform effective AA provision development or commissioning. This guidance aims to make the process more efficent by developers by drawing on those resources at appropriate points, providing references and links to the source material.
However, key documents include:
Children and adults services
- National Standards for Appropriate Adult Schemes (NAAN, 2018)
- Expectations for police custody: Criteria for assessing the treatment of and conditions for detainees in police custody (HMICFRS / HMIP, 2016)
- The Bradley Report (2009)
- A joint inspection of the treatment of offenders with learning disabilities within the criminal justice system – phase one (CJJI, 2014)
- The Bradley Report five years on (Centre for Mental Health, 2014)
- There to Help: Ensuring provision of appropriate adults for mentally vulnerable adults detained or interviewed by police (NAAN, 2015)
- Appropriate adult PCC-local authority partnership agreement: England (Home Office, 2018)
- There to Help 2: Ensuring provision of appropriate adults for vulnerable adults detained or interviewed by police: An update on progress 2013/14 to 2017/18 (NAAN, 2019)
- In ten years time (Revolving Doors Agency and Centre for Mental Health, 2019)
- Standards for children in the youth justice system 2019- see page 5 (MoJ and YJB, 2019)
- Appropriate adults: guide for youth justice professionals (YJB, 2014)
- Use out-of-court disposals: section 1 case management guidance - see 2.5 (YJB, 2014)
- Manage bail and remands: section 3 case management guidance (YJB, 2014)
- Who’s Looking Out for the Children? A Joint Inspection of Appropriate Adult Provision and Children in detention after Charge (CJJI, 2011)
- Thematic inspection recommendations to youth offending partnerships (YJB, 2015)